This week, the Federal Reserve raised the Fed Funds Rate by .50%, the smallest hike in over 6 months, and in response, home loan rates improved. Let's discuss the seemingly odd market reaction and what to watch in the week ahead.
"We've covered a lot of ground, full effects of tightening yet to be felt" - Fed Chair Jerome Powell - 12/14/22
This line from the Fed Chair's press conference highlights the Fed's action of smaller rate hikes as we approach what is the "terminal rate" or peak in the Fed Funds Rate.
The Fed Chair also reiterated that while the Fed is doing a smaller hike it is going to take time for the previous hikes to tamp down inflation pressures and elevate unemployment. And they will stay the course until the job is done.
Fed's Summary of Economic Projections
Every three months, the Fed revises its outlook on economic growth, inflation, unemployment, and the Fed Funds Rate. What does the Fed think about 2023, and what has changed since September?
The Fed now sees the economy growing by just .50% in 2023, well below the 1.2%, they forecasted 90 days ago.
On inflation, the Fed expects their favored measure, The Core PCE, to come in at 3.5%, above their previous estimate of 3.1%.
Unemployment is expected to be 4.6%, higher than the 4.4% they previously expected.
It's a good time to remember that the Fed controls the Fed Funds Rate, which is an overnight lending rate, and their hiking activity has no direct correlation to home loan rates.
Long-term Treasury rates, like the 10-yr Note, move higher if the economy can absorb the Fed rate hikes. Seeing the 10-yr Note yield at 3.46% after the Fed raised the Fed Funds Rate to 4.50% tells us the bond market feels the slowing economic conditions are not supportive of higher rates and the Fed will have to change course at some point.
Home loan rates are at the best levels since September. Couple this with sellers eager to make deals and you have the recipe for an opportunity for nimble buyers.
Back to the data. Next week brings the Fed's favored gauge of consumer inflation, the Core PCE. We will also have readings on GDP, Consumer Sentiment, and housing.
Mortgage-backed security (MBS) prices determine home loan rates. The chart below is a one-year view of the Fannie Mae 30-year 5.5% coupon, where currently closed loans are being packaged. As prices go higher, rates move lower, and vice versa.
You can see on the right side of the chart the Green Candles moving above $101 after the Fed raised rates. With the 10-yr beneath 3.50%, it may help put a near-term cap on how high mortgage rates go.
The material contained in this newsletter has been prepared by an independent third-party provider. The content is provided for use by real estate, financial services and other professionals only and is not intended for consumer distribution. The material provided is for informational and educational purposes only and should not be construed as investment and/or mortgage advice. Although the material is deemed to be accurate and reliable, there is no guarantee it is without errors.
As your mortgage professional, I am sending you the MMG WEEKLY because I am committed to keeping you updated on the economic events that impact interest rates and how they may affect you.
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